agriculture and public history

Facilitators: 

Debra Reid, The Henry Ford
David Vail, University of Nebraska at Kearney

Discussants:

Julia Brock, University of West Georgia
Leisl Carr Childers, University of Northern Iowa
Chris Fite, University of Pennsylvania
Debbie Grinnell, Naper Settlement
Al Hester, South Carolina State Park Service
Aaron Hollis, West Virginia University
Ann McCleary, University of West Georgia
Andrew Patrick, Kentucky Historical Society
Donna Sack, Naper Settlement
Cathy Stanton, Tufts University
Amrys Williams, Hagley Museum and Library

About this working group:

Agriculture once defined routines for most of the world’s population – farmers. The rhythms of the seasons and the needs of livestock and crops dictated work performed by women, men, and children on farms. Cultural distinction resulted, and cultural clashes erupted over land, trade access, and power. Environments changed; ecosystems collapsed. What role does public history play in the interpretation of this all-encompassing topic?

Engaging the public in this history requires reading in agricultural and local history, and thinking creatively about the content. Working group members believe that their work will increase agricultural literacy – a humanist’s prerogative – and that it warrants the effort. Several recent publications can provide a starting point for more precise strategies. Debra A. Reid’s book, Interpreting Agriculture at Museums and Historic Sites (2017), emphasizes steps to take to put a humanist spin on the STEM subject, while Michelle Moon’s book, Interpreting Food at Historic Sites and Museums (2016) does the same for foodways programming. Several venues provide opportunities for public engagement. Guests can interact with domesticated animals at historic sites, open-air museums, and living history farms. Visitors can talk to people using tools to plow, disc, plant, harrow, and harvest crops. Community supported agriculture (CSA) and farmers’ markets allow customers to engage with farmers and agricultural processors. Restaurants, breweries, and wineries gain cachet by emphasizing locally sourced supplies. Michelle Moon and Cathy Stanton addressed this potential for increasing interpretation in a 2014 NCPH workshop (Engaging with Change: Local Food, Farming, and Public History), an article in The Public Historian 36:3 (August 2014) and in their co-written book, Public History and the Food Movement (2017).

This working group takes up where these other efforts have left off. It will unpack the terms “agriculture” and “farming.” Participants will explore regional distinctions, crop and livestock cultures, and how humanities (history, art, theater, philosophy, literature) and social sciences (politics, culture, economics, cultural geography) can inform interpretation of agriculture. The group work will offer a framework for museums, historical societies and historic sites (including living history farms) to develop collection and interpretive plans that address agriculture and farming in their own locations. Subjects of interest include how gender and race affected power and authority on the farm, how place affected crop and stock management and human relationships over time, how rural-urban dichotomies began and thrived, and how agriculture differed between the city and the country.

The working group’s written reports will become the basis for article submission(s) to The Public Historian and Agriculture History (the journal of the Agricultural History Society) and a book proposal for the “Interpreting History” series for Rowman & Littlefield pitched as a follow-up to Interpreting Food, Interpreting Agriculture, and Interpreting Environment (in progress). These numerous products can contribute to public interpretation of agriculture and farming.

Discussion

3 comments
  1. Debra A Reid says:

    Greetings, working group members. Cathy Stanton had facilitated getting the items submitted into the Google.drive folder into this NCPH commons space. Those of you who have not yet submitted your contribution, please do so directly to Reid, ASAP. Between now and the end of March, let’s all read the submissions and communicate via this comment button. On April 1 I will post the agenda for the working group conversation.
    Wondering what to focus on for comments? Read through the working group description above. Do these projects in development make agriculture more compelling as a focus of public history? Tell us what you think. Offer suggestions either to develop content more or to try a different direction.
    Publications that I’ve posted to the Google.drive folder remains in the Google.drive folder (Deborah Fitzgerald’s article, reviews of related publications, an example of an audience survey focused on Agricultural interpretation at The Henry Ford), FYI.
    Looking forward to continuing the conversation.

  2. Debra A Reid says:

    Re. comments on papers – you can click on each paper, and you will see comment boxes for each submission. Feel free to comment within those paper-specific locations. This section will apply to all submissions, or to share general comments or specific directions.
    For an example of how working group comments work, see:
    http://ncph.org/phc/ncph-working-groups/building-capacity-2016-working-group/

  3. Debra A Reid says:

    A general comment about resources for interpreting agriculture.

    There are resources available at this website: http://alhfam.org/InterpAg
    It includes all the appendices that I prepared for the book, Interpreting Agriculture at Museums and Historic Sites (Rowman & Littlefield, 2018), but that would not fit in the book due to page restrictions.
    The bibliography provides an overview of themes:
    http://alhfam.org/resources/Documents/Resources/InterpAg/PartIII-Bibliography_SecondarySources.pdf
    Policy appears in:
    http://alhfam.org/resources/Documents/Resources/InterpAg/PartIV-Timeline.pdf

    Michelle Moon and Cathy Stanton also have a timeline in Public History and the Food Movement (Routledge, 2018).

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